Trial for the Protection of the Citizenship’s Political-Electoral Rights TCR

What is the TCR and what is it for?

This trial was established in favor of the citizenship in order to contest the constitutionality, legality, and validity of an act, omission, or electoral resolution which may infringe their political-electoral rights or any human rights which may be linked.

Who investigates and who resolves it?

Depending on the case, either one of the Regional Chambers of the TEPJF or the SC is the competent authority to investigate and resolve. There is a period of 4 days to lodge the appeal starting on the day of the acknowledgement of the act or resolution.

Regional Chambers of the TEPJF

  1. Acts or rulings of INE central organisms which may impact a candidateship to the Senate or the Federal Congress through relative majority.
  2. SEC Rulings regarding elections to local deputy offices and city halls.
  3. Party organism rulings which may impact a federal election in only one state.

Superior Chamber of the TEPJF

  1. Acts or rulings of INE central organisms which may impact a candidateship to the Senate or the Federal Congress through proportional representation, and to the Nation’s Presidency.
  2. SEC Rulings regarding elections to the governorship.
  3. Party organism rulings which may impact a federal election and two or more states, such as the integration of plurinominal candidateships.

Which appeal may be lodged against a RAP ruling?

As long as the special provenance requirements are met, the Regional Chambers of the TEPJF’s rulings may be lodged through a Reconsideration Appeal (REA) resolved by the SC in a final instance.

Collaborator: Carlos Rodríguez Peraza

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