What is the NOT and what is it for?
This trial was established to ensure the constitutionality and legality of the election results. It is meant for the political parties. The candidates may use it only in the exceptional cases regarding ineligibility.
This trial may contest results of counting, validity declarations and majority of vote due to invalidity of votes in polls, arithmetic mistakes, or the annulment of an election.
Who investigates and who resolves it?
Depending on the case, either one of the Regional Chambers of the TEPJF or the SC is the competent authority to investigate and resolve. There is a period of 4 days to lodge the appeal starting on the conclusion of counting, instead of starting on the conclusion of the whole counting session.
The Regional Chambers of the TEPJF are the competent authorities to investigate the elections to the Federal Congress and the Senate. The SC is the competent authority to investigate the president elections or when it determines to assert jurisdiction over a case.
Which appeal may be lodged against a NOT ruling?
As long as the special provenance requirements are met, the Regional Chambers of the TEPJF’s rulings may be lodged through a REA resolved by the SC in a final instance.